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WL. English Division

Curricular affairs: Piotr Jeleń, Ph.D., e-mail: piotr.jelen@wum.edu.pl

Number of teaching hours:

The course covers 34 hours of instruction, divided as below:

lectures 4 hours
seminars 15 hours
practical classes 15 hours

The aim of course:

The course program covers the chosen aspects of physics of living organisms, impact of the physical factors on human body and the application of physics in medicine, taking into account the imaging and therapeutic techniques.

Topics of lectures:

1. X Rays and Nuclear Radiation - Introduction.

2. Therapeutic Techniques. Radiation Protection.

Topics of seminars:

  1. Introduction to Thermodynamics. Biological Membranes (passive and active transport across a cell membrane, resting membrane potential, action potential).
  2. Biophysics of Circulation (basic physical laws of fluid flow, types of fluids in fluid mechanics, laminar, turbulent, pulsatile flow, blood circulation system, physical properties of blood and the blood vessels).
  3. Electrical Activity of the Heart (genesis of ECG, heart axis).
  4. Respiratory Biophysics (structure of the lungs, the physics of the alveoli, mechanics of breathing, respiratory cycle, gas flow in airways, pulmonary volumes and capacities, partial pressures of gases). Spirometry. Respiration Under Usual and Unusual Conditions.

  5. Imaging Techniques in Medicine (CT, PET, SPECT, MRI).

Topics of practical classes:

  1. Sound Waves. Physical Bases of Hearing. Audiometry Screening and Interpretation.
  2. Physical Basics of Ultrasonography
  3. Doppler Ultrasonography. Blood Flow Characteristics in Arteries
  4. Biophysics of Vision (imaging and detection by the eye, vision impairments).

  5. X Rays – Measurements and Interpretation (X ray tube, continuous and linear spectra,  interaction of X radiation with a matter, law of attenuation). Analysis of X-ray Images.

Assessment of student performance:


       To receive a credit for a course in biophysics students are requested to:

  • attend all 5 practical classes, submit reports accepted by the teachers, and score a total of at least 15 points,
  • attend all seminars,
  • pass the final test which covers all the material from seminars and practical classes.

Core Literature:

  1. Daviodovits P.: Physics in Biology and Medicine (3rd ed.), Harcourt Academic Press,An Imprint of Elsevier, 2008
  2. Herman I.P.: Physics of the Human Body, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York, 2007
  3. Ronto G., Tarjan I. (Eds.): An Introduction to Biophysics with Medical Orientation, (3rd ed.), Akadémiai Publishing Company, Budapest, 1999

Supplementary Literature:

  1. R.Glaser, Biophysics, Springer-Verlag 2005
  2. Hobbie R.K., Roth B.J.: Intermediate Physics for Medicine & Biology (4-th ed.), Springer, 2007
  3. Malmivuo J., Plonsey R.: Bioelectromagnetism, - Principles and Applications of Bioelectric and Biomagnetic Fields. New York, Oxford University Press, 1995

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Syllabus